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β-cell replacement therapy, available currently as pancreas or islet transplantation, has developed without a clear definition of graft functional and clinical outcomes. The International Pancreas and Islet Transplant Association and European Pancreas and Islet Transplantation Association held a workshop to develop consensus for an International Pancreas and Islet Transplant Association and European Pancreas and Islet Transplant Association Statement on the definition of function and failure of current and future forms of β-cell replacement therapy. There was consensus that β-cell replacement therapy could be considered as a treatment for β-cell failure, regardless of etiology and without requiring undetectable C-peptide, accompanied by glycemic instability with either problematic hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. Glycemic control should be assessed at a minimum by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and the occurrence of severe hypoglycemia. Optimal β-cell graft function is defined by near-normal glycemic control (HbA1c ≤6.5% [48 mmol/mol]) without severe hypoglycemia or requirement for insulin or other antihyperglycemic therapy, and with an increase over pretransplant measurement of C-peptide. Good β-cell graft function requires HbA1c less than 7.0% (53 mmol/mol) without severe hypoglycemia and with a significant (>50%) reduction in insulin requirements and restoration of clinically significant C-peptide production. Marginal β-cell graft function is defined by failure to achieve HbA1c less than 7.0% (53 mmol/mol), the occurrence of any severe hypoglycemia, or less than 50% reduction in insulin requirements when there is restoration of clinically significant C-peptide production documented by improvement in hypoglycemia awareness/severity, or glycemic variability/lability. A failed β-cell graft is defined by the absence of any evidence for clinically significant C-peptide production. Optimal and good function are considered successful clinical outcomes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/TP.0000000000002158

Type

Journal article

Journal

Transplantation

Publication Date

09/2018

Volume

102

Pages

1479 - 1486

Keywords

Biomarkers, Blood Glucose, C-Peptide, Consensus, Diabetes Mellitus, Glycated Hemoglobin A, Humans, Hypoglycemia, Hypoglycemic Agents, Insulin-Secreting Cells, Islets of Langerhans Transplantation, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome