Selection of acute ischemic stroke patients for intra-arterial thrombolysis with pro-urokinase by using ASPECTS.
Hill MD., Rowley HA., Adler F., Eliasziw M., Furlan A., Higashida RT., Wechsler LR., Roberts HC., Dillon WP., Fischbein NJ., Firszt CM., Schulz GA., Buchan AM., PROACT-II Investigators None.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that baseline computed tomographic (CT) scans might be a useful tool for selecting particular ischemic stroke patients who would benefit from thrombolysis. The aim of the present study was to assess whether the baseline CT scan, assessed with the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS), could identify ischemic stroke patients who might particularly benefit from intra-arterial thrombolysis of middle cerebral artery occlusion. METHODS: Baseline and 24-hour follow-up CT scans of patients randomized within 6 hours of symptoms to intra-arterial thrombolysis with recombinant pro-urokinase or control in the PROACT-II study were retrospectively scored by using ASPECTS. Patients were stratified into those with ASPECTS >7 or < or =7. Independent functional outcome at 90 days was compared between the 2 strata according to treatment assignment. RESULTS: The analysis included 154 patients with angiographically confirmed middle cerebral artery occlusion. The unadjusted risk ratio of an independent functional outcome, in favor of treatment, in the ASPECTS >7 group was 5.0 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3 to 19.2) compared with 1.0 (95% CI, 0.6 to 1.9) in the ASPECTS < or =7 group. After adjustment for baseline characteristics, the risk ratio in the ASPECTS score >7 was 3.2 (95% CI, 1.2 to 9.1). Similar favorable treatment effects were observed when secondary outcomes were used, but these did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Ischemic stroke patients with a baseline ASPECTS >7 were 3 times more likely to have an independent functional outcome with thrombolytic treatment compared with control. Patients with a baseline ASPECTS < or =7 were less likely to benefit from treatment. This observation suggests that ASPECTS can be both a useful clinical tool and an important method of baseline risk stratification in future clinical trials of acute stroke therapy.