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Two new monoclonal antibodies (CC17 and CC29) raised against bovine thymocytes are described. The antibodies, both of which were IgG1, recognize a molecule of approximately 67,000 molecular weight on bovine T cells. They react T cells in peripheral blood, the lymph node paracortex and the periateriolar lymphoid sheath in the spleen. Both the cortex and medulla of the thymus are stained but the medulla reacts more intensely. They do not stain B cells in peripheral blood, the ileal Peyer's patch, the cortex or the primary follicles in lymph nodes. No activity was found on cells outside the lymphoid system, i.e. monocytes, alveolar macrophages or endothelial and epithelial tissue. The antigen recognized is considered to be the bovine homologue of CD5 (T1) in humans and Lyt1 in mice. The mAbs appear to be particularly useful for detecting cells in the peripheral blood of young calves which are of the T cell lineage but do not express BoT2 or the mature pan T cell antigen recognized by mAb IL-A27 and may thus allow identification of a population of bovine lymphocytes previously described as null cells.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Vet Immunol Immunopathol

Publication Date

09/1988

Volume

19

Pages

127 - 139

Keywords

Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte, Antigens, Surface, Cattle, Cell Line, Cell Separation, Cells, Cultured, Flow Cytometry, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Hybridomas, Immunoenzyme Techniques, Immunohistochemistry, Mice, Molecular Weight, Precipitin Tests, T-Lymphocytes