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BACKGROUND: Education plays a key role in the development of self-management skills for people with type 2 diabetes, although there is limited evidence for the use of video education. AIMS: To develop a video-based lifestyle education programme for people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and to evaluate changes in knowledge, biomedical indices and quality of life. METHODS: Forty-two newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic subjects were recruited and randomly allocated to either a video education or control group. Data were collected at baseline and 6 months after the intervention. Subjects (43% male) had a mean (SD) age of 60.8 (9.6) years, weight 89.5 (15.5) kg, BMI 31.3 (5.1) kg m(2), glycated haemoglobin (A1c) 7.4 (1.7)%, total cholesterol 4.7 (1.2) mmol L(-1), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol 1.15 (0.34) mmol L(-1), triglycerides 1.8 (1.0) mmol L(-1), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol 2.8 (1.0) mmol L(-1), pedometer reading 5721 (3446) steps per day. There were 63.7% correct answers given to the ADKnowl questionnaire and the WHO-5 Well-Being score was 65.8%. RESULTS: At 6 months, the intervention group showed increased knowledge compared to controls (74.3% versus 56.4% correct answers, P < or = 0.0001). Although there were no significant differences in changes over 6 months between the two groups, the intervention group showed improvements in A1c (-0.7%, P = 0.024), total cholesterol (-0.5 mmol L(-1), P = 0.017), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (-0.5, P = 0.018) and increased physical activity measured by pedometer (1266 steps per day, P = 0.043) from baseline, with no significant changes in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: A brief video intervention increased diabetes knowledge amongst those newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and may comprise an effective way of directing education to such individuals.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1365-277X.2010.01077.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Hum Nutr Diet

Publication Date

08/2010

Volume

23

Pages

353 - 359

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Exercise, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Glycated Hemoglobin A, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Health Promotion, Humans, Life Style, Lipids, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Education as Topic, Program Evaluation, Quality of Life, Surveys and Questionnaires, Videotape Recording, Walking