Stepwise use of circulatory support devices in a patient refractory to cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Spartera M., Jabbour RJ., Chiarito M., De Bonis M., Pappalardo F.
This case describes the management of a patient admitted to an emergency department with general malaise, who deteriorated into cardiac arrest and refractory to advanced life support measures. After extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR) with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in association with an Impella 2.5 device, the patient underwent cardiac surgery (tissue aortic valve replacement, coronary artery bypass grafting and implantation of short-term paracorporeal left ventricular assist device). Subsequently a long-term LVAD was implanted and the patient was successfully discharged shortly afterwards. This report illustrates the challenges of 'clinical decision making' in a complex patient utilising a wide range of left ventricular support mechanical devices with varying degrees of invasiveness, whilst also reflecting on the current financial and economic considerations in utilizing this type of care pathway.