Comparison of exercise testing and CMR measured myocardial perfusion reserve for predicting outcome in asymptomatic aortic stenosis: the PRognostic Importance of MIcrovascular Dysfunction in Aortic Stenosis (PRIMID AS) Study.
Singh A., Greenwood JP., Berry C., Dawson DK., Hogrefe K., Kelly DJ., Dhakshinamurthy V., Lang CC., Khoo JP., Sprigings D., Steeds RP., Jerosch-Herold M., Neubauer S., Prendergast B., Williams B., Zhang R., Hudson I., Squire IB., Ford I., Samani NJ., McCann GP.
Aims: To assess cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) measured myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) and exercise testing in asymptomatic patients with moderate-severe AS. Methods and results: Multi-centre, prospective, observational study, with blinded analysis of CMR data. Patients underwent adenosine stress CMR, symptom-limited exercise testing (ETT) and echocardiography and were followed up for 12-30 months. The primary outcome was a composite of: typical AS symptoms necessitating referral for AVR, cardiovascular death and major adverse cardiovascular events. 174 patients were recruited: mean age 66.2 ± 13.34 years, 76% male, peak velocity 3.86 ± 0.56 m/s and aortic valve area index 0.57 ± 0.14 cm2/m2. A primary outcome occurred in 47 (27%) patients over a median follow-up of 374 (IQR 351-498) days. The mean MPR in those with and without a primary outcome was 2.06 ± 0.65 and 2.34 ± 0.70 (P = 0.022), while the incidence of a symptom-limited ETT was 45.7% and 27.0% (P = 0.020), respectively. MPR showed moderate association with outcome area under curve (AUC) = 0.61 (0.52-0.71, P = 0.020), as did exercise testing (AUC = 0.59 (0.51-0.68, P = 0.027), with no significant difference between the two. Conclusions: MPR was associated with symptom-onset in initially asymptomatic patients with AS, but with moderate accuracy and was not superior to symptom-limited exercise testing. ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01658345).