Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas has transformed a previously obscure mosquito-transmitted arbovirus of the Flaviviridae family into a major public health concern. Little is currently known about the evolution and biology of ZIKV and the factors that contribute to the associated pathogenesis. Determining genomic sequences of clinical viral isolates and characterization of elements within these are an important prerequisite to advance our understanding of viral replicative processes and virus-host interactions. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We obtained a ZIKV isolate from a patient who presented with classical ZIKV-associated symptoms, and used high throughput sequencing and other molecular biology approaches to determine its full genome sequence, including non-coding regions. Genome regions were characterized and compared to the sequences of other isolates where available. Furthermore, we identified a subgenomic flavivirus RNA (sfRNA) in ZIKV-infected cells that has antagonist activity against RIG-I induced type I interferon induction, with a lesser effect on MDA-5 mediated action. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The full-length genome sequence including non-coding regions of a South American ZIKV isolate from a patient with classical symptoms will support efforts to develop genetic tools for this virus. Detection of sfRNA that counteracts interferon responses is likely to be important for further understanding of pathogenesis and virus-host interactions.

Original publication

DOI

10.1371/journal.pntd.0005048

Type

Journal article

Journal

PLoS Negl Trop Dis

Publication Date

10/2016

Volume

10

Keywords

A549 Cells, Animals, Brazil, DEAD Box Protein 58, Disease Outbreaks, Genome, Viral, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Host-Pathogen Interactions, Humans, Interferon Type I, Phylogeny, RNA, Viral, Vero Cells, Virus Replication, Zika Virus, Zika Virus Infection