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The aim of this study was to identify the causative mutation in a family with an unusual presentation of autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (OPT), proximal renal tubular acidosis (RTA), renal stones, epilepsy, and blindness, a combination of features not previously reported. We undertook exome sequencing of one affected and one unaffected family member, followed by targeted analysis of known candidate genes to identify the causative mutation. This identified a missense mutation (c.643G>A; p.Gly215Arg) in the gene encoding the chloride/proton antiporter 7 (gene CLCN7, protein CLC-7), which was confirmed by amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS)-PCR, and to be present in the three available patients. CLC-7 mutations are known to cause autosomal dominant OPT type 2, also called Albers-Schonberg disease, which is characterized by osteosclerosis, predominantly of the spine, pelvis and skull base, resulting in bone fragility and fractures. Albers-Schonberg disease is not reported to be associated with RTA, but autosomal recessive OPT type 3 (OPTB3) with RTA is associated with carbonic anhydrase type 2 (CA2) mutations. No mutations were detected in CA2 or any other genes known to cause proximal RTA. Neither CLCN7 nor CA2 mutations have previously been reported to be associated with renal stones or epilepsy. Thus, we identified a CLCN7 mutation in a family with autosomal dominant osteopetrosis, RTA, renal stones, epilepsy, and blindness. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original publication

DOI

10.1002/ajmg.a.37755

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am J Med Genet A

Publication Date

11/2016

Volume

170

Pages

2988 - 2992

Keywords

Albers-Schonberg disease, bone, chloride-channel, exome sequencing, Acidosis, Renal Tubular, Alleles, Child, Preschool, Chloride Channels, DNA Mutational Analysis, Exome, Female, Genes, Dominant, Genetic Association Studies, Genotype, High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Mutation, Osteopetrosis, Pedigree, Phenotype, Radiography