Gender specific patterns of age-related decline in aortic stiffness: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study including normal ranges.
Nethononda RM., Lewandowski AJ., Stewart R., Kylinterias I., Whitworth P., Francis J., Leeson P., Watkins H., Neubauer S., Rider OJ.
BACKGROUND: Young females exhibit lower cardiovascular event rates that young men, a pattern which is lost, or even reversed with advancing age. As aortic stiffness is a powerful risk factor for cardiovascular events, a gender difference with advancing age could provide a plausible explanation for this pattern. METHODS: 777 subjects (♀n = 408, ♂n = 369) across a wide range of age (21-85 years) underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance to assess aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and, in addition, aortic distensibility at three levels; 1) ascending aorta (Ao) and 2) proximal descending aorta (PDA) at the level of the pulmonary artery and 3) the abdominal aorta (DDA). RESULTS: There was a strong negative correlation between increasing age and regional aortic distensibility (Ao♀R-0.84, ♂R-0.80, PDA♀R-0.82, ♂R-0.77, DDA♀R-0.80, ♂R-0.71 all p