High resolution gene mapping of the human alpha globin locus.
Nicholls RD., Jonasson JA., McGee JO., Patil S., Ionasescu VV., Weatherall DJ., Higgs DR.
A combination of polymorphic DNA markers, cytogenetic analysis, and in situ hybridisation has been used for the high resolution assignment of the human alpha globin gene cluster on chromosome 16. Multiallelic DNA probes from within the alpha globin cluster were used to determine the number of copies of this locus in three cell lines containing trisomies of the short arm of chromosome 16 and one with a familial inversion, inv(16). The breakpoints in these rearrangements flank the alpha globin locus and locate a shortest region of overlap to 16p13.1. A meiotic crossover was also localised to this band. In situ hybridisation of biotinylated DNA probes to normal and inverted chromosomes 16 [inv(16)(p13.1;q22)] showed hybridisation sites at opposite ends of the chromosomes, consistent with this regional localisation.