Angiotensin I conversion and coronary constriction by angiotensin II in ischemic and hypoxic isolated rat hearts.
Tian R., Neubauer S., Pulzer F., Haas U., Ertl G.
Dose-response curves of angiotensin I (AI, 1.0-1000.0 pmol) and angiotensin II (AII, 1.25-1250.00 pmol) were obtained in isolated rat hearts subjected to control conditions, mild hypoxia (PO2 = 145 mm Hg), reoxygenation, ischemic (perfusion pressure = 35 mm Hg) and reperfusion. Both AI and AII caused dose-dependent coronary flow (CF) of 26 +/- 3 and 27 +/- 2%, respectively. The effects of both AI and AII were substantially attenuated during hypoxia, but were fully restored upon reoxygenation. During ischemia, the effect of AII was unaltered while the effect of AI was enhanced compared to the control (P less than 0.05). This enhancement was reversible on reperfusion. Cardiac conversion of AI, calculated from ED50 values for AI and AII, was significantly increased during ischemia (P less than 0.05). Infusion of saralasin (0.5-5.0 micrograms/min) did not increase CF in any of the groups. We conclude that (1) the coronary vasoconstrictive effect of AII is preserved in ischemia but attenuated in hypoxia and (2) cardiac conversion of AI to AII is enhanced in hearts injured by ischemia.