Detection of NPM-ALK DNA rearrangement in CD30 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma.
Waggott W., Lo YM., Bastard C., Gatter KC., Leroux D., Mason DY., Boultwood J., Wainscoat JS.
CD30 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with a specific chromosome translocation between chromosomes 2 and 5. Recent molecular characterization of the translocation breakpoint has identified a gene fusion between NPM (nucleophosmin) and ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase). Using a DNA hybridization technique, the NPM rearrangement was found among 5/5 ALCL samples. We have developed a PCT methodology which has enabled the detection of the NPM-ALK rearrangements amongst seven t(2;5)(p23;q35) ALCL cases based on a long-range PCR of genomic DNA. The rapidity and robustness of this method may have diagnostic applications for ALCL.