Regulation of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) S-glutathionylation by neuronal NOS: evidence of a functional interaction between myocardial constitutive NOS isoforms.
Idigo WO., Reilly S., Zhang MH., Zhang YH., Jayaram R., Carnicer R., Crabtree MJ., Balligand JL., Casadei B.
Myocardial constitutive No production depends on the activity of both endothelial and neuronal NOS (eNOS and nNOS, respectively). Stimulation of myocardial β(3)-adrenergic receptor (β(3)-AR) produces a negative inotropic effect that is dependent on eNOS. We evaluated whether nNOS also plays a role in β(3)-AR signaling and found that the β(3)-AR-mediated reduction in cell shortening and [Ca(2+)](i) transient amplitude was abolished both in eNOS(-/-) and nNOS(-/-) left ventricular (LV) myocytes and in wild type LV myocytes after nNOS inhibition with S-methyl-L-thiocitrulline. LV superoxide (O(2)(·-)) production was increased in nNOS(-/-) mice and reduced by L-N(ω)-nitroarginine methyl ester (L-NAME), indicating uncoupling of eNOS activity. eNOS S-glutathionylation and Ser-1177 phosphorylation were significantly increased in nNOS(-/-) myocytes, whereas myocardial tetrahydrobiopterin, eNOS Thr-495 phosphorylation, and arginase activity did not differ between genotypes. Although inhibitors of xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) or NOX2 NADPH oxidase caused a similar reduction in myocardial O(2)(·-), only XOR inhibition reduced eNOS S-glutathionylation and Ser-1177 phosphorylation and restored both eNOS coupled activity and the negative inotropic and [Ca(2+)](i) transient response to β(3)-AR stimulation in nNOS(-/-) mice. In summary, our data show that increased O(2)(·-) production by XOR selectively uncouples eNOS activity and abolishes the negative inotropic effect of β(3)-AR stimulation in nNOS(-/-) myocytes. These findings provide unequivocal evidence of a functional interaction between the myocardial constitutive NOS isoforms and indicate that aspects of the myocardial phenotype of nNOS(-/-) mice result from disruption of eNOS signaling.