Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIMS: Heterozygous mutations in the transcription factor Nkx2.5 indicate a genetic cause for congenital heart diseases (CHDs) in human beings. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of NKX2.5 mutations in Italian patients with sporadic non-syndromic and syndromic CHD, as well as to appraise any genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: One hundred Italian patients affected with CHD (90 had sporadic non-syndromic CHD and 10 had syndromic CHD) were screened for NKX2.5 mutations. The coding region and flanking regions involved in gene splicing of the CSX/NKX2.5 gene were amplified from genomic DNA by PCR, and mutational analysis was performed using denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and DNA sequencing. RESULTS: One previously reported NKX2.5 mutation (c.73C>T, p.R25C) was identified in two of the 100 CHD patients (2%). We have detected the p.R25C alteration in a woman showing aneurysm of the membranous septum, aortic coarctation and bicuspid aortic valve, that was a different phenotype from those previously reported, and for the first time in a patient with syndromic CHD with Down's syndrome (posterior ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, left superior cava vein ' sinus, and patent ductus arteriosus). CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that NKX2.5 mutations are not a common cause of CHD; furthermore, the p.R25C variation may increase susceptibility to development of CHD in patients with and without chromosomal abnormalities.

Original publication

DOI

10.2459/JCM.0b013e328356a326

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown)

Publication Date

08/2013

Volume

14

Pages

582 - 586

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child, Preschool, DNA Mutational Analysis, Dogs, Gene Frequency, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Heart Defects, Congenital, Homeobox Protein Nkx-2.5, Homeodomain Proteins, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Mice, Middle Aged, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Pedigree, Rats, Sequence Alignment, Syndrome, Transcription Factors