R25C mutation in the NKX2.5 gene in Italian patients affected with non-syndromic and syndromic congenital heart disease.
Beffagna G., Cecchetto A., Dal Bianco L., Lorenzon A., Angelini A., Padalino M., Vida V., Bhattacharya S., Stellin G., Rampazzo A., Daliento L.
AIMS: Heterozygous mutations in the transcription factor Nkx2.5 indicate a genetic cause for congenital heart diseases (CHDs) in human beings. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of NKX2.5 mutations in Italian patients with sporadic non-syndromic and syndromic CHD, as well as to appraise any genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: One hundred Italian patients affected with CHD (90 had sporadic non-syndromic CHD and 10 had syndromic CHD) were screened for NKX2.5 mutations. The coding region and flanking regions involved in gene splicing of the CSX/NKX2.5 gene were amplified from genomic DNA by PCR, and mutational analysis was performed using denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and DNA sequencing. RESULTS: One previously reported NKX2.5 mutation (c.73C>T, p.R25C) was identified in two of the 100 CHD patients (2%). We have detected the p.R25C alteration in a woman showing aneurysm of the membranous septum, aortic coarctation and bicuspid aortic valve, that was a different phenotype from those previously reported, and for the first time in a patient with syndromic CHD with Down's syndrome (posterior ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, left superior cava vein ' sinus, and patent ductus arteriosus). CONCLUSION: Our results confirm that NKX2.5 mutations are not a common cause of CHD; furthermore, the p.R25C variation may increase susceptibility to development of CHD in patients with and without chromosomal abnormalities.