The diagnosis of low-grade peripheral B-cell neoplasms in bone marrow trephines.
Pezzella F., Munson PJ., Miller KD., Goldstone AH., Gatter KC.
The aim of this study was to establish how effective is the use of immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed bone marrow in diagnosing low-grade B-cell neoplasms. We investigated a series of 41 consecutive patients with bone marrow involvement for whom no other diagnostic tissues were available. The sections were stained with the following antibodies: CD3, CD20, CD79a, CD5, CD10, CD23, anti-cyclin D1 and kappa and lambda light chains. Antigen retrieval was performed using either a microwave oven or a pressure cooker. Labelling was performed with an avidin-biotin-peroxidase labelling system. A final diagnosis was reached in 37 out of 41 cases (90%): B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (15 cases), follicular lymphoma (10 cases), mantle-cell lymphoma (eight cases) and lymphoplasmacytoid lymphoma/immunocytoma (four cases). In the remaining four cases, a generic diagnosis of low-grade B-cell neoplasm was made. The immunophenotyping of formalin-fixed marrow is a useful technique for diagnosing most of the low-grade B-cell neoplasms.