Menin interacts directly with the homeobox-containing protein Pem.
Lemmens IH., Forsberg L., Pannett AA., Meyen E., Piehl F., Turner JJ., Van de Ven WJ., Thakker RV., Larsson C., Kas K.
The tumour suppressor gene causing multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) encodes a 610 amino acid protein, menin. In order to identify menin-interacting proteins we used a yeast two-hybrid assay to screen a 12.5-dpc mouse embryo library with partial menin encompassing amino acids 278 to 476. This identified a homeobox containing protein encoded by a placenta and embryonic expression gene, referred to as Pem. GST-pull-down and coimmunoprecipitation experiments confirmed the interaction. Both proteins colocalised predominantly in the nucleus but were occasionally also found in the cytoplasm. Furthermore, in situ hybridisation studies revealed similarities in their expression patterns in mouse embryos and adult tissues. In adult mice both Men1 and Pem yielded strong signals in testis, Sertoli cells and particularly in seminiferous tubules. Thus, our study has identified that menin interacts with Pem, and the high expression of these proteins in the testis suggests a role in spermatogenesis.