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OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the 1-year safety and efficacy of Cypher Select or Cypher Select Plus (Cordis Corporation, Bridgewater, New Jersey) sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) with the treatment of bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stent (DES) in-stent restenosis (ISR) in nonselected, real-world patients. BACKGROUND: There is paucity of consistent data on DES for the treatment of ISR, especially, DES ISR. METHODS: The e-SELECT (Multicenter Post-Market Surveillance) registry is a Web-based, multicenter and international registry encompassing virtually all subsets of patients and lesions treated with at least 1 SES during the period from 2006 to 2008. We enrolled in this pre-specified subanalysis all patients with at least 1 clinically relevant BMS or DES ISR treated with SES. Primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events and stent thrombosis rate at 1 year. RESULTS: Of 15,147 patients enrolled, 1,590 (10.5%) presented at least 1 ISR (BMS group, n = 1,235, DES group, n = 355). Patients with DES ISR had higher incidence of diabetes (39.4% vs. 26.9%, p < 0.001), renal insufficiency (5.8% vs. 2.3%, p = 0.003), and prior coronary artery bypass graft (20.5% vs. 11.8%, p < 0.001). At 1 year, death (1.4% for BMS vs. 2.1% for DES, p = 0.3) and myocardial infarction (2.4% for BMS and 3.3% for DES, p = 0.3) rates were similar, whereas ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization and definite/probable late stent thrombosis were higher in patients with DES ISR (6.9% vs. 3.1%, p = 0.003, and 1.8% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.04, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Use of SES for either BMS or DES ISR treatment is safe and associated with low target lesion revascularization recurrence and no apparent safety concern.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.jcin.2011.09.016

Type

Journal article

Journal

JACC Cardiovasc Interv

Publication Date

01/2012

Volume

5

Pages

64 - 71

Keywords

Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary, Coronary Restenosis, Databases, Factual, Drug-Eluting Stents, Europe, Female, Health Status Indicators, Humans, Immunosuppressive Agents, Internationality, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Product Surveillance, Postmarketing, Registries, Sirolimus, Statistics as Topic