Duration of treadmill exercise testing combined with QRS score predicts adverse cardiac outcome at long-term follow-up.
Michaelides AP., Andrikopoulos GK., Antoniades C., Soulis D., Tzeis S., Hatzistamatiou E., Tzannos K., Fourlas C., Seferlis C., Stefanadis CI.
OBJECTIVE: Total exercise duration and abnormal QRS score values are treadmill exercise testing (TET) prognostic parameters that have been shown to be significantly and independently associated with cardiac mortality. We evaluated the prognostic value of a new index (M score, Michaelides score) incorporating TET duration and QRS score values in a simple index. METHODS: In this study, we included 626 patients, who underwent TET and coronary arteriography. Cardiac catheterization showed the presence of coronary artery disease in 64.3% of these patients. The M score was calculated by adding the value of the Athens QRS score to the duration of TET (in minutes). The outcome measure was a composite of myocardial infarction or death. Patients were prospectively followed for 38+/-21 months (median 36 months). RESULTS: The composite endpoint was more frequent among the patients of the 1st quartile (M-score values <-5.8). In univariate analysis, mortality of the first-quartile patients was significantly higher (14 vs. 1.1%, P<0.001). In multivariate Cox's regression analysis for age, sex, diabetes, smoking status, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, maximum ST depression at TET, angina during TET, coronary artery disease on angiography, and echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction, the first quartile of M-score values was found to be independently associated with the composite endpoint (relative risk = 3.26, 95% confidence interval = 2.01-5.29, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: This study shows that a new index termed the M score, which incorporates QRS score and exercise duration, predicts mortality and occurrence of myocardial infarction at long-term follow-up of high-risk individuals, independently of TET-induced ST-segment changes.