Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: To test the non-lipid-lowering effects of simvastatin on the response to injury in normolipidemic and hyperlipidemic mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Wild-type (WT) mice (n = 40) and hyperlipidemic apolipoprotein-E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice (n = 40) received normal chow or chow containing simvastatin 100 mg/kg/day prior to bilateral femoral artery wire injury. Intimal hyperplasia and plasma cholesterol concentration were quantified after 4 weeks. Plasma cholesterol in WT mice treated or untreated with simvastatin was similar (100.9 +/- 6.6 vs. 94.3 +/- 17.5 mg/dl). Simvastatin did not affect intimal hyperplasia. In apoE(-/-) mice, intimal hyperplasia was increased 2.3-fold relative to WT mice (17090 +/- 4998 vs. 39490 +/- 16190; p < 0.001). In apoE(-/- )mice, simvastatin caused a paradoxical increase in plasma cholesterol (1094 +/- 60.3 vs. 658 +/- 66.8 mg/dl; p < 0.001), confirmed by FPLC. This was associated with a further increase in intimal area (39490 +/- 16190 vs. 55420 +/- 22590 mm(2); p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: (1). Simvastatin had no effect on plasma cholesterol or the response to arterial injury in normolipidemic WT mice; (2). hyperlipidemia was associated with markedly increased intimal hyperplasia, and (3). simvastatin treatment of apoE(-/-) mice caused paradoxical hyperlipidemia and increased intimal hyperplasia.

Original publication

DOI

10.1159/000076436

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Vasc Res

Publication Date

01/2004

Volume

41

Pages

75 - 83

Keywords

Angioplasty, Balloon, Animals, Apolipoproteins E, Femoral Artery, Hyperlipidemias, Hypolipidemic Agents, Lipoproteins, Mice, Mice, Mutant Strains, Simvastatin, Tunica Intima