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AIM: Genome-wide association studies have identified >30 common variants associated with Type 2 diabetes (>5% minor allele frequency). These variants have small effects on individual risk and do not account for a large proportion of the heritable component of the disease. Monogenic forms of diabetes are caused by mutations that occur in <1:2000 individuals and follow strict patterns of inheritance. In contrast, the role of low frequency genetic variants (minor allele frequency 0.1-5%) in Type 2 diabetes is not known. The aim of this study was to assess the role of low frequency PDX1 (also called IPF1) variants in Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We sequenced the coding and flanking intronic regions of PDX1 in 910 patients with Type 2 diabetes and 878 control subjects. RESULTS: We identified a total of 26 variants that occurred in 5.3% of individuals, 14 of which occurred once. Only D76N occurred in >1%. We found no difference in carrier frequency between patients (5.7%) and control subjects (5.0%) (P=0.46). There were also no differences between patients and control subjects when analyses were limited to subsets of variants. The strongest subset were those variants in the DNA binding domain where all five variants identified were only found in patients (P=0.06). CONCLUSION: Approximately 5% of UK individuals carry a PDX1 variant, but there is no evidence that these variants, either individually or cumulatively, predispose to Type 2 diabetes. Further studies will need to consider strategies to assess the role of multiple variants that occur in <1 in 1000 individuals.

Original publication

DOI

10.1111/j.1464-5491.2011.03269.x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Diabet Med

Publication Date

06/2011

Volume

28

Pages

681 - 684

Keywords

Adolescent, Adult, Case-Control Studies, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Genome-Wide Association Study, Homeodomain Proteins, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mutation, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Trans-Activators, United Kingdom, Young Adult