[Cardiac energy metabolism in heart valve diseases with 31P MR spectroscopy].
Beer M., Viehrig M., Seyfarth T., Sandstede J., Lipke C., Pabst T., Kenn W., Harre K., Horn M., Landschütz W., von Kienlin M., Neubauer S., Hahn D.
PURPOSE: Heart valve disease combined with left ventricular hypertrophy leads to derangements in cardiac energy metabolism, which can be detected non-invasively by 31P-MR-spectroscopy. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the derangements in cardiac metabolism are reversible after surgical valve replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 10 healthy volunteers and 10 patients with aortic stenosis (pressure gradients > 60 mmHg) were included. For assessment of energy metabolism, 31P-MR spectra were obtained with a double oblique 3D-CSI technique (voxel size 25 cm3). In 5 of 10 patients, follow-up examination was performed 3 months after surgical valve replacement (SVR). Left ventricular (LV) function was analyzed by cine MRI. RESULTS: Before SVR the myocardial phosphocreatine to adenosinetriphosphate (PCr-ATP) ratio was significantly (p = 0.0002) reduced to 0.80 +/- 0.25 in patients compared to 1.65 +/- 0.21 in volunteers. 3 months after SVR, LV mass had significantly (p = 0.04) decreased from 238 +/- 33 g to 206 +/- 47 g. At the same time a significant (p = 0.04) increase of the PCr-ATP ratio from 0.80 +/- 0.25 to 1.28 +/- 0.22 was observed. A slight, but not significant, reduction of the phosphodiester ATP ratio was observed before SVR, with a trend towards normalization after SVR. CONCLUSIONS: After SVR, the deranged energy metabolism shows a trend towards normalization. Further follow-up is necessary to determine whether complete normalization of the energetic derangement can be observed over longer periods of time following SVR.