Creatine kinase-deficient hearts exhibit increased susceptibility to ischemia-reperfusion injury and impaired calcium homeostasis.
Spindler M., Meyer K., Strömer H., Leupold A., Boehm E., Wagner H., Neubauer S.
The creatine kinase (CK) system is involved in the rapid transport of high-energy phosphates from the mitochondria to the sites of maximal energy requirements such as myofibrils and sarcolemmal ion pumps. Hearts of mice with a combined knockout of cytosolic M-CK and mitochondrial CK (M/Mito-CK(-/-)) show unchanged basal left ventricular (LV) performance but reduced myocardial high-energy phosphate concentrations. Moreover, skeletal muscle from M/Mito-CK(-/-) mice demonstrates altered Ca2+ homeostasis. Our hypothesis was that in CK-deficient hearts, a cardiac phenotype can be unmasked during acute stress conditions and that susceptibility to ischemia-reperfusion injury is increased because of altered Ca2+ homeostasis. We simultaneously studied LV performance and myocardial Ca2+ metabolism in isolated, perfused hearts of M/Mito-CK(-/-) (n = 6) and wild-type (WT, n = 8) mice during baseline, 20 min of no-flow ischemia, and recovery. Whereas LV performance was not different during baseline conditions, LV contracture during ischemia developed significantly earlier (408 +/- 72 vs. 678 +/- 54 s) and to a greater extent (50 +/- 2 vs. 36 +/- 3 mmHg) in M/Mito-CK(-/-) mice. During reperfusion, recovery of diastolic function was impaired (LV end-diastolic pressure: 22 +/- 3 vs. 10 +/- 2 mmHg), whereas recovery of systolic performance was delayed, in M/Mito-CK(-/-) mice. In parallel, Ca2+ transients were similar during baseline conditions; however, M/Mito-CK(-/-) mice showed a greater increase in diastolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]) during ischemia (237 +/- 54% vs. 167 +/- 25% of basal [Ca2+]) compared with WT mice. In conclusion, CK-deficient hearts show an increased susceptibility of LV performance and Ca2+ homeostasis to ischemic injury, associated with a blunted postischemic recovery. This demonstrates a key function of an intact CK system for maintenance of Ca2+ homeostasis and LV mechanics under metabolic stress conditions.