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Fatty acids activate GPR40 and K(+) channels to modulate beta-cell function. Herein, we describe the design and synthesis of FAAzo-10, a light-controllable GPR40 agonist based on Gw-9508. FAAzo-10 is a potent GPR40 agonist in the trans-configuration and can be inactivated on isomerization to cis with UV-A light. Irradiation with blue light reverses this effect, allowing FAAzo-10 activity to be cycled ON and OFF with a high degree of spatiotemporal precision. In dissociated primary mouse beta-cells, FAAzo-10 also inactivates voltage-activated and ATP-sensitive K(+) channels, and allows us to control glucose-stimulated Ca(2+) oscillations in whole islets with light. As such, FAAzo-10 is a useful tool to study the complex effects, with high specificity, which FA-derivatives such as Gw-9508 exert at multiple targets in mouse beta-cells.

Original publication

DOI

10.1039/c7sc01475a

Type

Journal article

Journal

Chem Sci

Publication Date

2017

Volume

8

Pages

7604 - 7610