Measurements of cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration in human pancreatic islets and insulinoma cells.
Kindmark H., Köhler M., Nilsson T., Arkhammar P., Wiechel KL., Rorsman P., Efendić S., Berggren PO.
In human pancreatic islets an increase in the glucose concentration from 3 to 20 mM raised the free cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration [( Ca2+]i), an effect being reversible upon withdrawal of the sugar. Depolarization with a high concentration of K+ or the sulphonylurea tolbutamide also raised [Ca2+]i. Addition of extracellular ATP produced a transient rapid rise in [Ca2+]i. Oscillations in [Ca2+]i were observed in the presence of 10 mM glucose. Insulinoma cells responded to glucose and tolbutamide with increases in [Ca2+]i, whereas the sulphonamide diazoxide caused a decrease in [Ca2+]i. These findings confirm previous results obtained in rodent beta-cells.