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BACKGROUND: This Phase 2a dose expansion study was performed to assess the safety, tolerability and preliminary efficacy of the maximum tolerated dose of the oral histone de-acetylase (HDAC) inhibitor CXD101 in patients with relapsed / refractory lymphoma or advanced solid organ cancers and to assess HR23B protein expression by immunohistochemistry as a biomarker of HDAC inhibitor sensitivity. METHODS: Patients with advanced solid-organ cancers with high HR23B expression or lymphomas received CXD101 at the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). Key exclusions: corrected QT > 450 ms, neutrophils  1. Baseline HR23B expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients enrolled between March 2014 and September 2019, 47 received CXD101 (19 solid-organ cancer, 28 lymphoma). Thirty-four patients received ≥80% RP2D. Baseline characteristics: median age 57.4 years, median prior lines 3, male sex 57%. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were neutropenia (32%), thrombocytopenia (17%), anaemia (13%), and fatigue (9%) with no deaths on CXD101. No responses were seen in solid-organ cancers, with disease stabilisation in 36% or patients; the overall response rate in lymphoma was 17% with disease stabilisation in 52% of patients. Median progression-free survival was 1.2 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.2-5.4) in solid-organ cancers and 2.6 months (95%CI 1.2-5.6) in lymphomas. HR23B status did not predict response. CONCLUSIONS: CXD101 showed acceptable tolerability with efficacy seen in Hodgkin lymphoma, T-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Further studies assessing combination approaches are warranted. TRIAL REGISTRATION: identifier NCT01977638 . Registered 07 November 2013.

Original publication




Journal article


BMC Cancer

Publication Date





Biomarker, HR23B, Histone deacetylase (HDAC), Lymphoma, Adult, Aged, Biomarkers, Tumor, DNA Repair Enzymes, DNA-Binding Proteins, Female, Gene Expression, Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Lymphoma, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Neoplasms, Treatment Outcome