Small molecules restore the function of mutant CLC5 associated with Dent disease.
Liu J., Sadeh TT., Lippiat JD., Thakker RV., Black GC., Manson F.
Dent disease type 1 is caused by mutations in the CLCN5 gene that encodes CLC5, a 2Cl- /H+ exchanger. The CLC5 mutants that have been functionally analysed constitute three major classes based on protein expression, cellular localization and channel function. We tested two small molecules, 4-phenylbutyrate (4PBA) and its analogue 2-naphthoxyacetic acid (2-NOAA), for their effect on mutant CLC5 function and expression by whole-cell patch-clamp and Western blot, respectively. The expression and function of non-Class I CLC5 mutants that have reduced function could be restored by either treatment. Cell viability was reduced in cells treated with 2-NOAA. 4PBA is a FDA-approved drug for the treatment of urea cycle disorders and offers a potential therapy for Dent disease.