Mechanistic insight into site-restricted monoubiquitination of FANCD2 by Ube2t, FANCL, and FANCI.
Alpi AF., Pace PE., Babu MM., Patel KJ.
A key step in the Fanconi anemia (FA) tumor suppressor pathway is the site-specific monoubiquitination of the FANCD2 protein. Genetic studies indicate that this crucial modification requires eight known FA gene products and the E2-conjugating enzyme Ube2t. Here, we minimally reconstitute this monoubiquitination reaction with Ube2t and the FANCL protein, revealing that monoubiquitination is stimulated by a conserved RWD-like domain in FANCL. Furthermore, addition of the FANCI protein enhances monoubiquitination and also restricts it to the in vivo substrate lysine residue on FANCD2. This work therefore establishes a system that provides mechanistic insight into the functions of FANCL and FANCI in the catalysis of FANCD2 monoubiquitination.