Etoposide protein binding in cancer patients.
Liu B., Earl HM., Poole CJ., Dunn J., Kerr DJ.
The protein binding of etoposide was studied in vivo in 36 cancer patients receiving etoposide therapy. Free etoposide was separated from plasma using an ultrafiltration method and the etoposide concentrations (free and total) were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Considerable interpatient variation in the protein binding of etoposide was observed. The protein binding of etoposide varied from 80% to 97% (mean, 93%). Univariate analysis showed a significant inverse correlation between the free fraction of etoposide and serum albumin (r = 0.74), daily dose (r = 0.37) and age (r = -0.34). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that serum albumin and age were independent predictors of the etoposide free fraction. Serum bilirubin showed no correlation with etoposide protein binding. There is wide variation in etoposide protein binding in cancer patients, which is mostly dependent on serum albumin concentration.