Wortmannin and its structural analogue demethoxyviridin inhibit stimulated phospholipase A2 activity in Swiss 3T3 cells. Wortmannin is not a specific inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase.
Cross MJ., Stewart A., Hodgkin MN., Kerr DJ., Wakelam MJ.
Wortmannin and its structural analogue demethoxyviridin (DMV) have been reported to be specific inhibitors of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity. Here we report that these compounds are not as selective as assumed and demonstrate inhibition of bombesin-stimulated phospholipase A2 activity by both wortmannin and DMV with an IC50 (2 nM) which is slightly more potent than the inhibition of insulin-stimulated phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate generation in these cells (approximately 10nM). While it has not been possible to fully block in vitro phospholipase A2 activity with wortmannin, inhibition cannot be a consequence of inhibition of PI 3-kinase activity since bombesin fails to generate 3-phosphorylated lipids in the intact cell. Therefore, while wortmannin is indeed a PI 3-kinase inhibitor, it is not as specific as previously reported, and experimental conclusions based solely on its use should be treated with caution.