Induction of the c-myc but not the cH-ras promoter by platinum compounds.
Eliopoulos AG., Kerr DJ., Maurer HR., Hilgard P., Spandidos DA.
The recombinant plasmids p324, p330 and p323 carrying the aminoglycoside phosphotransferase (aph) gene and 5' flanking c-myc sequences linked to the reporter gene chloramphenicol acetyl-transferase (cat) were introduced into the mouse erythroleukaemic cell line F412B2TK- and stable transfectants resistant to geneticin G418 were obtained. The effects of cis-platin and two novel platinum compounds, D19466 (lobaplatin) and D17872, on c-myc promoter regions were studied using a large range of drug concentrations and correlated with cytotoxicity data. It was found that cis-platin and D19466 show a similar pattern of cytotoxicity and activation of c-myc promoter-driven cat gene expression with maximum effect (increased expression of 7.4- and 8.1-fold, respectively) at a concentration of 5 x 10(-5) M, while the less cytotoxic D17872 only slightly activates cat expression at the same concentration. However, when the F412B2TK- cell line was transfected with a plasmid carrying 5' flanking sequences of the c-Hras1 gene with promoter/enhancer function, linked to the cat reporter, no similar inductive effect was observed with any of the platinum drugs used. These data suggest that platinum compounds and possibly other DNA-damaging agents may specifically influence the expression of certain genes.