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The recombinant plasmids p324, p330 and p323 carrying the aminoglycoside phosphotransferase (aph) gene and 5' flanking c-myc sequences linked to the reporter gene chloramphenicol acetyl-transferase (cat) were introduced into the mouse erythroleukaemic cell line F412B2TK- and stable transfectants resistant to geneticin G418 were obtained. The effects of cis-platin and two novel platinum compounds, D19466 (lobaplatin) and D17872, on c-myc promoter regions were studied using a large range of drug concentrations and correlated with cytotoxicity data. It was found that cis-platin and D19466 show a similar pattern of cytotoxicity and activation of c-myc promoter-driven cat gene expression with maximum effect (increased expression of 7.4- and 8.1-fold, respectively) at a concentration of 5 x 10(-5) M, while the less cytotoxic D17872 only slightly activates cat expression at the same concentration. However, when the F412B2TK- cell line was transfected with a plasmid carrying 5' flanking sequences of the c-Hras1 gene with promoter/enhancer function, linked to the cat reporter, no similar inductive effect was observed with any of the platinum drugs used. These data suggest that platinum compounds and possibly other DNA-damaging agents may specifically influence the expression of certain genes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/0006-2952(95)00085-e

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochem Pharmacol

Publication Date

29/06/1995

Volume

50

Pages

33 - 38

Keywords

Animals, Cell Division, Cisplatin, Cyclobutanes, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Ethylenediamines, Genes, myc, Genes, ras, Humans, Mice, Organoplatinum Compounds, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Rats, Tumor Cells, Cultured