Clinical evaluation of angiotensin II enhanced perfusion scintigraphy in metastatic liver disease.
Goldberg JA., Fenner J., Bessent RG., Bradnam MS., McKillop JH., McKee RF., McArdle CS., Kerr DJ.
The hepatic perfusion index (HPI) may be of value in the diagnosis of liver micro-metastases. However, raised values of HPI also occur in some benign liver conditions (e.g. cirrhosis), thereby weakening the diagnostic power of this test. It has been suggested that infusion of the vaso-active agent angiotensin II might improve the predictive value of dynamic scintigraphy because it has been shown to alter liver perfusion in patients with metastatic liver disease. Basal HPI values were not significantly different in a group of patients with metastases (n = 10) and a group with cirrhosis (n = 9). A significant rise in HPI occurred in the metastatic group using angiotensin II enhancement (p less than 0.01, Wilcoxon test). In the cirrhotic group there was no significant increase in the HPI with angiotensin II enhancement. Within the groups, there was considerable variation in response, with eight of ten metastatic and five of nine cirrhotic patients showing a rise in HPI during an angiotensin II infusion. As a result, there was complete overlap in the angiotensin II enhanced HPI for the two groups. Angiotensin II enhancement of HPI is therefore unlikely to improve the diagnostic power of dynamic scintigraphy in individual patients with established hepatic disease.