Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Multidrug resistance describes an experimental observation which appears to explain cross-resistance to certain structurally unrelated cytotoxic agents, including anthracyclines, vinca alkaloids and podophyllotoxins. It is now clear that a major factor responsible for its development is increased expression of a membrane glycoprotein--P-glycoprotein, which functions as an energy-dependent efflux pump. Recent data, particularly in haematological malignancies such as acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia, myeloma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, indicate that P-glycoprotein may be involved in the development of clinical drug resistance. The potential therefore exists for new therapeutic studies aimed at circumventing resistance which develops through this mechanism, by using modulators, such as verapamil, quinidine and several others, which prevent cellular drug efflux by competitive binding to P-glycoprotein.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/0268-960x(91)90006-x

Type

Journal article

Journal

Blood Rev

Publication Date

03/1991

Volume

5

Pages

38 - 41

Keywords

ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1, Drug Resistance, Humans, Leukemia, Lymphoma, Membrane Glycoproteins, Multiple Myeloma, Neoplasm Proteins, Phenotype