A legacy of tinnitus: multiple head and neck paragangliomas.
Tan TM., Hatfield EC., Thakker RV., Maher ER., Meeran K., Martin NM., Turner JJ.
We describe the case of a patient who presented with a right-sided glomus jugulare tumor and bilateral glomus vagale tumors. These proved to be nonmalignant paragangliomas on histopathological analysis. Genetic analysis revealed a germline heterozygous missense mutation (Pro81Leu) in the succinate dehydrogenase subunit D (SDHD) gene. We discuss the clinical presentations of the familial paraganglioma syndrome type 1, which is caused by mutations in SDHD, and the implications for the clinical diagnosis and care of such patients.