Reactive oxygen species mediate endothelium-dependent relaxations in tetrahydrobiopterin-deficient mice.
Cosentino F., Barker JE., Brand MP., Heales SJ., Werner ER., Tippins JR., West N., Channon KM., Volpe M., Lüscher TF.
(6R)-5,6,7,8-Tetrahydro-biopterin (H(4)B) is essential for the catalytic activity of all NO synthases. The hyperphenylalaninemic mouse mutant (hph-1) displays 90% deficiency of the GTP cyclohydrolase I, the rate-limiting enzyme in H(4)B synthesis. A relative shortage of H(4)B may shift the balance between endothelial NO synthase (eNOS)-catalyzed generation of NO and reactive oxygen species. Therefore, the hph-1 mouse represents a unique model to assess the effect of chronic H(4)B deficiency on endothelial function. Aortas from 8-week-old hph-1 and wild-type mice (C57BLxCBA) were compared. H(4)B levels were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography and NO synthase activity by [(3)H]citrulline assay in homogenized tissue. Superoxide production by the chemiluminescence method was measured. Isometric tension was continuously recorded. The intracellular levels of H(4)B as well as constitutive NO synthase activity were significantly lower in hph-1 compared with wild-type mice. Systolic blood pressure was increased in hph-1 mice. However, endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine were present in both groups and abolished by inhibition of NO synthase with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester as well. Only in hph-1 mice were the relaxations inhibited by catalase and enhanced by superoxide dismutase. After incubation with exogenous H(4)B, the differences between the 2 groups disappeared. Our findings demonstrate that H(4)B deficiency leads to eNOS dysfunction with the formation of reactive oxygen species, which become mediators of endothelium-dependent relaxations. A decreased availability of H(4)B may favor an impaired activity of eNOS and thus contribute to the development of vascular diseases.