Molecular cloning of a novel member of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily homologous to the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor.
Jackson DG., Hart DN., Starling G., Bell JI.
The CMRF35 monoclonal antibody recognizes a cell membrane antigen present on the surface of monocytes, neutrophils, a proportion of peripheral blood T and B lymphocytes and lymphocytic cell lines. Initial studies with CMRF35 suggested an unusual pattern of serological reactivity which did not correspond to any of the known leukocyte differentiation antigen clusters. We describe here the cloning and sequencing of a cDNA encoding the CMRF35 antigen by means of expression in COS cells and immunoselection with the CMRF35 monoclonal antibody. The cDNA encodes a novel integral membrane glycoprotein of 224 amino acids that represents a new member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) gene superfamily. The molecule comprises (a) a single extracellular Ig variable domain remarkably similar to the Fc receptor for polymeric IgA and IgM, (b) a membrane-proximal domain containing a high proportion of proline, serine and threonine residues that was predicted to be heavily O-glycosylated, (c) an unusual transmembrane anchor that contained a glutamic acid and a proline residue and (d) a short cytoplasmic tail. Transcripts encoding the CMRF35 protein were detected in early monocytic cell lines, in peripheral blood T cells and in some B lymphoblastoid cell lines, confirming the results of immunocytological staining. However, the level of CMRF35 expression on peripheral blood T cells was shown to decrease in response to mitogenic stimulation. The likelihood that the CMRF35 antigen shares a common evolutionary ancestor with the poly Ig Fc receptor is discussed.