Molecular mapping class II polymorphisms in the human major histocompatibility complex. II. DQ beta.
MacMurray AJ., Bell JI., Denney D., Watling D., Foster LS., McDevitt HO.
The restriction fragment length polymorphisms have been determined for six restriction enzymes (Bam HI, Bg1 II, Eco RI, Hinc II, Hind III, and Pvu II) and a DQ beta probe on 25 cell lines that are homozygous by consanguinuity at the MHC. These patterns reflect both DR haplotypes and DQ types of the cells tested. At least one non-polymorphic band is present in all the cell lines with every restriction enzyme except Hinc II. This band most probably represents DX beta hybridization. The polymorphic bands indicate that more polymorphism exists in the DQ subregion than is predicted serologically. Each DR haplotype is associated with a unique set of restriction fragments except for DR2 and DR6. The patterns are largely consistent within each DR haplotype. In addition, some bands reflect the established DQ specificities DQw1 and DQw2. Individual bands can be identified that are unique to the haplotypes DR1, DR4, DR5, and DR6 and the DQw1- and DQw2-associated haplotypes. Subdivisions of haplotypes can be identified with this probe. In particular, MVL (DR1), Akiba (DR2), QBL (DR3), FPF (DR5), and APD (DR6) have polymorphisms that distinguish them from other members of their DR haplotype.