Annexin A1 attenuates microvascular complications through restoration of Akt signalling in a murine model of type 1 diabetes.
Purvis GSD., Chiazza F., Chen J., Azevedo-Loiola R., Martin L., Kusters DHM., Reutelingsperger C., Fountoulakis N., Gnudi L., Yaqoob MM., Collino M., Thiemermann C., Solito E.
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:Microvascular complications in the heart and kidney are strongly associated with an overall rise in inflammation. Annexin A1 (ANXA1) is an endogenous anti-inflammatory molecule that limits and resolves inflammation. In this study, we have used a bedside to bench approach to investigate: (1) ANXA1 levels in individuals with type 1 diabetes; (2) the role of endogenous ANXA1 in nephropathy and cardiomyopathy in experimental type 1 diabetes; and (3) whether treatment with human recombinant ANXA1 attenuates nephropathy and cardiomyopathy in a murine model of type 1 diabetes. METHODS:ANXA1 was measured in plasma from individuals with type 1 diabetes with or without nephropathy and healthy donors. Experimental type 1 diabetes was induced in mice by injection of streptozotocin (STZ; 45 mg/kg i.v. per day for 5 consecutive days) in C57BL/6 or Anxa1 -/- mice. Diabetic mice were treated with human recombinant (hr)ANXA1 (1 μg, 100 μl, 50 mmol/l HEPES; 140 mmol/l NaCl; pH 7.4, i.p.) or vehicle (100 μl, 50 mmol/l HEPES; 140 mmol/l NaCl; pH 7.4, i.p.). RESULTS:Plasma levels of ANXA1 were elevated in individuals with type 1 diabetes with/without nephropathy compared with healthy individuals (66.0 ± 4.2/64.0 ± 4 ng/ml vs 35.9 ± 2.3 ng/ml; p