Serial quantification of brain oxygenation in acute stroke using streamlined-qBOLD
Stone A., Harston G., Carone D., Okell T., Kennedy J., Blockley N.
It has been proposed that metabolic markers of baseline brain oxygenation have a role to play in the early identification of the ischemic penumbra. Streamlined-qBOLD is a magnetic resonance imaging technique that does not require exogenous contrast. It is a refinement of the quantitative BOLD methodology that provides a simplified approach to mapping and quantifying baseline brain oxygenation related parameters (reversible transverse relaxation rate (R2′), deoxygenated blood volume (DBV) and deoxyhaemoglobin concentration ([dHb])) in a clinically relevant manner. Streamlined-qBOLD was applied to an exploratory cohort of acute stroke patients in a serial imaging study. Detailed voxel-level analysis was used to quantify the metabolic profile of ischaemic tissue on presentation and investigate these metrics in relation to tissue outcome. Individual patient examples illustrate the appropriate interpretation of R2′, DBV and [dHb] in acute stroke and demonstrate the ability of this method to deliver regional information related to oxygen metabolism in the ischaemic tissue. Regional analysis confirms that R2′, DBV and [dHb] vary between regions of ischaemia with different tissue outcomes.