Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have found higher mortality rates among inpatients (IPs) compared with new admissions (outpatients, OPs) with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (AUGIB), but no studies have investigated the cause for this. The objective of this study was to determine whether the difference in outcomes between IPs and OPs with AUGIB can be explained by differences in baseline characteristics, bleeding severity, or processes of care. METHODS: Data were collected from 6,657 presentations with all-cause AUGIB from 212 UK hospitals as part of a nationwide audit. RESULTS: IPs were older (77 vs. 65 years, P<0.001), had greater comorbidity, and presented with more severe bleeding. There was no difference in median time to endoscopy (24 vs. 24 h, P=0.67) or receipt of endotherapy (19% vs. 17%, P=0.29). IPs had an odds of mortality 4.8 times that of OPs (26% vs. 7%; odds ratio (OR) 4.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.9-5.8); after adjusting for baseline characteristics, this fell by 24% to 3.3 (95% CI 3.2-4.9) and after adjusting for bleeding severity alone to 4.0 (95% CI 3.2-4.9); adjusting for care processes had minimal effect. IPs had more than a twofold increased odds of rebleeding (20% vs. 12%; OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.7-2.5); adjusting for both baseline characteristics and severity of bleeding reduced this by 50% (OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.3-2.4), but process of care had no additional impact. CONCLUSIONS: IPs present with both higher baseline risks and more severe bleeding. These differences in baseline characteristics explain some but not all of the greater mortality of IPs with AUGIB.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/ajg.2014.263

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am J Gastroenterol

Publication Date

10/2014

Volume

109

Pages

1603 - 1612

Keywords

Acute Disease, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Blood Transfusion, Endoscopy, Female, Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage, Hospitalization, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care), Proton Pump Inhibitors, Recurrence, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Time-to-Treatment, United Kingdom