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Recent studies have demonstrated directly that alloreactive mouse CTL recognize peptides presented by MHC class I molecules. However, there is no direct evidence that human alloreactive CTL recognize peptides presented by HLA class I molecules. We have isolated an HLA-B51 alloreactive CTL clone, 2B3, that did not kill the TAP defective cell lines T2 and .174, whereas it killed the TAP-positive cell line T1 and .174 cells transfected with TAP genes. These findings suggested that this clone recognizes a TAP-dependent allo-peptide. We attempted to isolate the human allo-peptide recognized by the 2B3 clone from HLA-B51 molecules. A naturally occurring HLA-B*5101 binding peptide isolated from T1 cells was recognized by the 2B3 clone. The peptide was also isolated from HLA-B*5101 molecules purified from C1R-B*5101 cells. In the present study, we directly demonstrated that a human alloreactive CTL clone recognizes peptide presented by HLA class I molecules.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Int Immunol

Publication Date

06/1995

Volume

7

Pages

905 - 909

Keywords

Antigen Presentation, Cell Line, HLA-B Antigens, HLA-B51 Antigen, Humans, Isoantigens, Peptides, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic