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Sequestration of malaria-infected erythrocytes in the peripheral circulation has been associated with the virulence of Plasmodium falciparum. Defining the adhesive phenotypes of infected erythrocytes may therefore help us to understand how severe disease is caused and how to prevent or treat it. We have previously shown that malaria-infected erythrocytes may form apparent autoagglutinates of infected erythrocytes. Here we show that such autoagglutination of a laboratory line of P. falciparum is mediated by platelets and that the formation of clumps of infected erythrocytes and platelets requires expression of the platelet surface glycoprotein CD36. Platelet-dependent clumping is a distinct adhesive phenotype, expressed by some but not all CD36-binding parasite lines, and is common in field isolates of P. falciparum. Finally, we have established that platelet-mediated clumping is strongly associated with severe malaria. Precise definition of the molecular basis of this intriguing adhesive phenotype may help to elucidate the complex pathophysiology of malaria.

Original publication

DOI

10.1073/pnas.98.4.1805

Type

Journal article

Journal

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Publication Date

13/02/2001

Volume

98

Pages

1805 - 1810

Keywords

Agglutination Tests, Animals, Blood Platelets, CD36 Antigens, Erythrocytes, Humans, Malaria, Phenotype, Plasmodium falciparum