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Cytokines are produced in a variety of tissues and regulate the expression of a number of inflammatory molecules, leading to destabilization and finally rupture of vulnerable atheromatic plaques. They also participate in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) by direct effects on myocardial contractility and apoptosis. At a clinical level, circulating cytokines have a prognostic role since they are useful markers predicting future coronary events in patients with advanced atherosclerosis and in patients after ACS.

Original publication




Journal article


Cytokine Growth Factor Rev

Publication Date





225 - 233


Acute Disease, Atherosclerosis, Coronary Disease, Cytokines, Humans, Inflammation Mediators, Myocardial Infarction, Prognosis, Syndrome