Stratification of acute myocardial and endothelial cell injury, salvage index and final infarct size by systematic microRNA profiling in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction.
Dawkins S., Digby JE., Belgard TG., Lee R., De Maria GL., Banning AP., Kharbanda RK., Mayr M., Choudhury RP., Channon KM., Oxford Acute Myocardial Infarction (OxAMI) Study None.
AIM: Acute injury and subsequent remodelling responses to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are major determinants of clinical outcome. Current imaging and plasma biomarkers provide delayed readouts of myocardial injury and recovery. Here, we sought to systematically characterize all microRNAs (miRs) released during the acute phase of STEMI and relate miR release to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings to predict acute and late responses to STEMI, from a single early blood sample. METHODS AND RESULTS: miRs were quantified in blood samples obtained from patients after primary PCI (PPCI) for STEMI. Cardiac MRI (cMRI) was performed to quantify myocardial edema, infarct size and salvage index. Regression models were constructed to predict these outcomes measures, which were then tested with a validation cohort. Transcoronary miR release was quantified from paired measurements of coronary artery and coronary sinus samples. A cell culture model was used to identify endothelial cell-derived miRs.A total of 72 patients undergoing PPCI for acute STEMI underwent miR analysis and cMRI. About >200 miRs were detectable in plasma after STEMI, from which 128 miRs were selected for quantification in all patients. Known myocardial miRs demonstrated a linear correlation with troponin release, and these increased across the transcoronary gradient. We identified novel miRs associated with microvascular injury and myocardial salvage. Regression models were constructed using a training cohort, then tested in a validation cohort, and predicted myocardial oedema, infarct size and salvage index. CONCLUSION: Analysis of miR release after STEMI identifies biomarkers that predict both acute and late outcomes after STEMI. A novel miR-based biomarker score enables the estimation of area at risk, late infarct size and salvage index from a single blood sample 6 hours after PPCI, providing a simple and rapid alternative to serial cMRI characterization of STEMI outcome.