Differential remodeling of a T-cell transcriptome following CD8- versus CD3-induced signaling.
Abidi SHI., Dong T., Vuong MT., Sreenu VB., Rowland-Jones SL., Evans EJ., Davis SJ.
CD8 engagement with class I major histocompatibility antigens greatly enhances T-cell activation, but it is not clear how this is achieved. We address the question of whether or not the antibody-mediated ligation of CD8 alone induces transcriptional remodeling in a T-cell clone, using serial analysis of gene expression. Even though it fails to induce overt phenotypic changes, we find that CD8 ligation profoundly alters transcription in the T-cell clone, at a scale comparable to that induced by antibody-mediated ligation of CD3. The character of the resulting changes is distinct, however, with the net effect of CD8 ligation being substantially inhibitory. We speculate that ligating CD8 induces weak, T-cell receptor (TCR)-mediated inhibitory signals reminiscent of the effects of TCR antagonists. Our results imply that CD8 ligation alone is incapable of activating the T-cell clone because it fails to fully induce NFAT-dependent transcription.