Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIMS: This work investigates the role of myoglobin in mediating the vascular relaxation induced by nitrite. Nitrite, previously considered an inert by-product of nitric oxide metabolism, is now believed to play an important role in several areas of pharmacology and physiology. Myoglobin can act as a nitrite reductase in the heart, where it is plentiful, but it is present at a far lower level in vascular smooth muscle-indeed, its existence in the vessel wall is controversial. Haem proteins have been postulated to be important in nitrite-induced vasodilation, but the specific role of myoglobin is unknown. The current study was designed to confirm the presence of myoglobin in murine aortic tissue and to test the hypothesis that vascular wall myoglobin is important for nitrite-induced vasodilation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Aortic rings from wild-type and myoglobin knockout mice were challenged with nitrite, before and after exposure to the haem-protein inhibitor carbon monoxide (CO). CO inhibited vasodilation in wild-type rings but not in myoglobin-deficient rings. Restitution of myoglobin using a genetically modified adenovirus both increased vasodilation to nitrite and reinstated the wild-type pattern of response to CO. CONCLUSION: Myoglobin is present in the murine vasculature and contributes significantly to nitrite-induced vasodilation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/cvr/cvq299

Type

Journal article

Journal

Cardiovasc Res

Publication Date

15/02/2011

Volume

89

Pages

560 - 565

Keywords

Animals, Aorta, Carbon Monoxide, Drug Interactions, Male, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Myoglobin, Nitric Oxide, Nitric Oxide Donors, Nitrite Reductases, Nitrites, Nitroprusside, Vasodilation