A pilot study of adjuvant intraperitoneal 5-fluorouracil using 4% icodextrin as a novel carrier solution.
Hosie KB., Kerr DJ., Gilbert JA., Downes M., Lakin G., Pemberton G., Timms K., Young A., Stanley A.
AIM: This pilot study utilised the sustained intraperitoneal (i.p.) dwell properties of an iso-osmotic solution of 4% icodextrin to investigate the tolerability, toxicity and feasibility of home-based i.p. 5FU adjuvant chemotherapy following resective surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS: Twenty eligible patients (Dukes' stage B and C with potentially curative resection) underwent perioperative Tenckhoff catheter placement. Ten (6 male, 4 female, aged 46-85; mean 67.5 years) received 5FU chemotherapy. After initial flushing and gradual increase in volumes of 4% icodextrin alone, patients received home-based i.p. 5FU (150-300 mg/m(2)/day given as equal doses at 12-hourly intervals) for 14 days, with a 14-day recovery period, for a maximum of 6 courses. Two incurable patients, treated on compassionate grounds, provided further safety data. RESULTS: Nine of the 10 patients became proficient in self-treatment with 5FU and two completed 6 courses. Frequent abdominal pain was the main dose-limiting toxicity of 5FU, causing withdrawal of three patients after a high (300 mg/m(2)/day) first course and one following a third course at lower doses. I.p. 5FU concentrations (mean>30000 ngml(-1)) were 1000 fold higher than systemic venous levels. Bacterial peritonitis led to two withdrawals but was not a frequent event (microbiologically confirmed incidence of 1 per 27 catheter-months). CONCLUSIONS: Home-based i.p. adjuvant chemotherapy is a feasible treatment option in patients with surgically resected colorectal carcinoma.