Relationship between the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of mitozolomide.
Kerr DJ., Slack JA., Secrett P., Stevens MF., Blackledge GR., Bradley C., Kaye SB.
The cytotoxic drug mitozolomide has been found to cause unpredictably severe thrombocytopenia during phase I and II clinical trials. In an attempt to relate dose and pharmacokinetic parameters to toxicity, we measured plasma concentrations of mitozolomide in 14 patients with a range of malignancies. There were significant correlations (Spearman rank correlation test) between drug clearance and AUC and white blood cell nadir. The pharmacokinetic and toxicity data were not normally distributed; therefore, it was not possible to construct predictive nomograms for toxicity based on linear regression analysis.