PURPOSE: Diffusion MRI requires acquisition of multiple diffusion-weighted images, resulting in long scan times. Here, we investigate combining compressed sensing and a fast imaging sequence to dramatically reduce acquisition times in cardiac diffusion MRI. METHODS: Fully sampled and prospectively undersampled diffusion tensor imaging data were acquired in five rat hearts at acceleration factors of between two and six using a fast spin echo (FSE) sequence. Images were reconstructed using a compressed sensing framework, enforcing sparsity by means of decomposition by adaptive dictionaries. A tensor was fit to the reconstructed images and fiber tractography was performed. RESULTS: Acceleration factors of up to six were achieved, with a modest increase in root mean square error of mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), fractional anisotropy (FA), and helix angle. At an acceleration factor of six, mean values of ADC and FA were within 2.5% and 5% of the ground truth, respectively. Marginal differences were observed in the fiber tracts. CONCLUSION: We developed a new k-space sampling strategy for acquiring prospectively undersampled diffusion-weighted data, and validated a novel compressed sensing reconstruction algorithm based on adaptive dictionaries. The k-space undersampling and FSE acquisition each reduced acquisition times by up to 6× and 8×, respectively, as compared to fully sampled spin echo imaging. Magn Reson Med 76:248-258, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original publication




Journal article


Magn Reson Med

Publication Date





248 - 258


adaptive dictionaries, compressed sensing, diffusion MRI, diffusion tensor imaging, heart structure, prospective undersampling, Algorithms, Animals, Data Compression, Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Heart, Image Enhancement, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Pattern Recognition, Automated, Phantoms, Imaging, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted, Subtraction Technique