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OBJECTIVES:To determine the prevalence of CVD and to identify and characterize associated risk factors in three distinct Eskimo populations. STUDY DESIGN:Cross-sectional. METHODS:A slightly modified Strong Heart Study protocol was followed to examine 454 participants, aged 25-91, from four villages. RESULTS:Overall, 6% of the participants under 55 years of age and 26% of those > or = 55 years of age showed evidence of CHD by ECG, or in patient records. The prevalence of "definite coronary heart disease" (CHD) in women with glucose intolerance (GI) was 21.0%, compared to 2.4% in those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). Men had comparable values of 26.7% and 6.3%. In addition, comparable values for "possible CHD" were 29.7% vs 6.0% for women and 21.4% vs 8.0% for men. GI was associated with relatively higher prevalences of CHD in women than in men (prevalence ratio = 8.5 vs 4.3). CHD was significantly related to age, glucose intolerance and insulin. Hypertension and obesity were significantly associated with CHD only in some ethnic groups. The prevalence of current smokers was 56%. CONCLUSIONS:Recent changes in lifestyle and diet of Alaskan Eskimos, leading to obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance and DM, contribute to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

Original publication




Journal article


International journal of circumpolar health

Publication Date





365 - 386


Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville 22908-0212, USA.


Humans, Albuminuria, Cardiovascular Diseases, Hypertension, Obesity, Insulin, Lipids, Body Mass Index, Waist-Hip Ratio, Prevalence, Logistic Models, Risk Factors, Cross-Sectional Studies, Smoking, Life Style, Comorbidity, Age Distribution, Sex Distribution, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Inuits, Alaska, Female, Male, Glycated Hemoglobin A