Detection of mutations by RNase cleavage.
Watkins HC., Goldrick M.
Ribonucleases can specifically recognize and cleave RNA at the site of sequence mismatches in RNA-DNA or RNA-RNA hybrids. The cleavage products are then characterized by gel electrophoresis. In this unit, a procedure is presented for RNase cleavage of (32)P-labeled riboprobes (transcribed from a cloned copy of the normal sequence) that have been annealed to amplified sequences of a candidate gene or cDNA obtained from affected individuals. A Support Protocol explains how to prepare riboprobes from a genomic or cDNA template obtained from a nonmutant individual. An alternate protocol describes cleavage of RNARNA hybrids using a nonisotopic RNase cleavage mutation assay. Sequential PCR and in vitro transcription steps generate sufficient quantities of duplex RNA targets so that the cleavage products can be detected on a gel by ethidium bromide staining. The unit also discusses the use of alternative ribonucleases for cleaving singlebase mismatches.